Birth of Ancient India
The Journey to Ancient India, it all started thirty thousand years ago. Branching out as the Indus Valley civilisation. The very first urban culture sprouted out during the 2500-1900 BCE mark. The civilisation gained its value from crafts production and wild ranging trade. The world renown ‘Vedas’ was born then. Historians consider the period, which created a stir with regard to caste system. It created a hierarchy of warriors, peasants, traders and indigenous people who were considered ‘impure’. Migration into the sub continent began. Meanwhile southern India were seen indulged in activities like agriculture, irrigation, crafts and monumental buildings. In the late Vedic period around 6th century BCE, emerging monarchies took a storm throughout ancient India. It also caused heterodox religious movements. The Mauryan Empire emerged as a supreme power. The Mauryan Kings were known for their architectural wonders. The Sangam Literature and Tamil language revealed that Chera, Chola, Pallava and Pandiya dynasties ruled the southern wing and traded with the Roman Empire. During this period, the Gupta Empire was born around the Ganges Plain. Under their Regime, Hinduism based on a devotion rather than the management of ritual began to assert itself. Sculpturing and architecture were the highlights of the rule. Classic Sanskrit Literature, Indian Science, astronomy, medicine and mathematics flowered as well.
The Medieval India, with no doubt was defined by regional Kingdom and Cultural Diversity. Conquering the whole part of India remained an impossible task for the Kings. For instance, The Chalukyas attempted to conquer Southern India, but were defeated by mighty Pallavas. No ruler of this period was able to create an empire and consistently control lands much beyond his core region. On the other hand, the Caste System consequently began to show regional differences. Indian merchants, scholars and military were involved in the transmission of urbanisation. Almost after the 10th century, Muslim Cental Asian normadic clans were united by ethnicity and religion, leading to the establishment of Islamic Delhi Sultanate in 1206. The sultanate was in much control of Northern India. Vijayanagara Emipre took over control of the Southern Part.
In the early 16th century, India was under the leadership of many Musilm rulers. The Mugal Emipre Dynasty settled down comfortably, making it one the most renown dynasties in Indian heritage. India experienced a very stable and balanced practice of uniform rule. Epically under the regime of Akbar. The entire market was stable and prosperous under the hands of the Mugal Rule. The Marathas, the Rajputs, and the Sikhs gained military and governing ambitions. The Mugal dynasty also faced a downfall and started to disintegrate into smaller rule. The only single most important power was under the hands of the Maratha Confederacy.
By the early 18th century, the lines were drawn between commercial and political dominance. A number of foreign presence were seen during this period. Many European and Persian Trading companies set up their base at the costal outposts. One of the greatest power East India Company, settled down in the Indian soil. The company slowly gained power and exercised control over the Bengal Region. India was no longer exporting goods elsewhere as it served for the British Community. The company began to more consciously exercise power over the other sectors (I.e education, social reforms and more)
Soon India entered its huge transformation periods where India was hence ‘The British Indian Empire’. The period lasted between 1848 and 1885. The appointment of Lord Dalhousie as the govenor General of East India Company set the stage for essential mordernisation. During and after the period of the governor, Indians started to realise that the whole country was now under the control of the British and hence founded INC (aka) Indian National Congress. The British style social reforms caused a stir amidst the Indians. The rush of technology and commercialisation of agriculture in the second half of the the 19th century was eminent. Many notable developments were welcomed by Indians as it helped them survive more suitably. After the World War I, a new period began. The father of the nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Ji became a symbol of hope. India was in the verge of becoming a independent Nation. Indians participation in the World War II, The nonviolent cooperation and non cooperation movement helped India to push forward in attaining Independence in the year 1947. This also led to the Partition of India into to independent countries India and Pakistan. The self image of a complete nation, truly democratic in all means we’re achieved in 1950. The Journey to Ancient India.
August 15th 1947, was indeed a day no Indian would ever forget. Millions of Indians sacrificed their lives for their country. We salute the freedom fighters. I personally dedicate this particular blog to all the freedom fighters. Jai Hind.
Happy Independence Day. Celebrating 69 years of Free India.
(The above blog is written with no intention of hurting anyone’s feelings or their sentiments. Thank you 😊)
Reference: Wikipedia (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_India)